Load Index and Speed

On the sidewall of all tyres you can find the Load Index and Speed Symbol for that tyre (following the key sidewall markings) for example 105 S.

Load Index

The load rating (represented by the numerical value) is related to the maximum weight that tyre can carry. So in this case 105 would refer to a load capacity of 925kg, with most passenger vehicle load indexes range from 62 to 126.

In all instances the tyres load index must meet or exceed the value displayed on the vehicles placard.

More Details
Load index Load in Kg per tyre
62 265
63 272
64 280
65 290
66 300
67 307
68 315
69 325
70 335
71 345
72 355
73 365
74 375
75 387
76 400
77 412
78 425
79 437
80 450
81 462
82 475
83 487
84 500
85 515
86 530
87 545
88 560
89 580
90 600
91 615
92 630
93 650
94 670
95 690
96 710
97 730
98 750
99 775
100 800
101 825
102 850
103 875
104 900
105 925
106 950
107 975
108 1000
109 1030
110 1060
111 1090
112 1120
113 1150
114 1180
115 1215
116 1250
117 1285
118 1320
119 1360
120 1400
121 1450
122 1500
123 1550
124 1600
125 1650
126 1700

Speed Symbol

The speed category symbol, for example 'S', indicates the maximum speed at which the tyre can carry a load corresponding to its load index. So in this case, 'S' would refer to a maximum speed of 180km/hour See the chart below for a full list of speed symbols and their applicable values.

More Details
Speed Symbol Speed in kmh
J 100
K 110
L 120
M 130
N 140
P 150
Q 160
R 170
S 180
T 190
U 200
H 210
V 240
W 270
Y 300
VR >210
ZR >240

*A tyre with ZR symbols have a speed capability of over 240km/h. Your T-Mart can always consult with the tyre manufacturers to ascertain the tyres actual speed capabilities. The legal speed symbol requirements vary by state, please check with your local T-Mart.

Ply Rating

Ply ratings identify the load carrying capacities of a tyre in terms of plies. Ply rating originally referred to the number of cotton layers used to strengthen a tyre's casing. Today, when tyres are labelled 10-ply for example, they are no longer actually constructed of 10 individual layers of cotton, but they do offer the equivalent strength. Over time, steel ply and radial construction replaced cotton, leading to a new distinction: Load Range. Load Range identifies the maximum amount of weight that can be placed on a tyre horizontally, which varies depending on tyre size and inflations limits.